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than there have been seconds since the universe began

There are 52 cards in a standard pack of playing cards.

The total number of ways of arranging such a pack of cards=52!

52! ~ 8.06582 x 10^{67}

The Univesre is thought to be between 10 and 16 billion (16,000,000,000) years old. That is 16 billion years since The Big Bang.

Let us assume the highest value of 16 x 10^{9} years.

There are 60 seconds in a minute.

There are 60 minutes in an hour.

There are 24 hours in a day.

There are 365 days in a year (or 366 in a leap year).

Therefore, the largest reasonable estimate for the number of seconds since the Universe began can be
calculated as: 60 x 60 x 24 x 366 x 16,000,000,000 = 505958400000000000 seconds ~ 5.1 x 10^{17}

8.06582 x 10^{67} > 5.1 x 10^{17} (by a factor of 1.59 x 10^{50})

Therefore it can clearly be seen that there are many more ways of arranging a standard set of playing cards than there have been
seconds since the Universe began. Moreover, this will continue to be the case long after our own Sun and every other star in the Universe
has run out of hydrogen and faded away approximately one hundred trillion years (10^{14}) after the Big Bang, when the
Universe will still be less than 3.2 x 10^{21}seconds old.

In fact, remarkably, there are even more ways of arranging half a pack of playing cards than there have been seconds since the Universe began,
as 26! ~ 4.03 x 10^{26} > 5.1 x 10^{17}

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